One particular category of active compounds produced in plants, and especially in cannabis, is known as phytocannabinoids. Other plants besides cannabis produce phytocannabinoids, but these extremely helpful compounds are particularly abundant in the cannabis plant.
The strains of cannabis from which CBD is extracted are known as phytocannabinoid-rich hemp, or PCR hemp. Hemp is a class of cannabis strains that contain negligible levels of THC. That’s the compound in cannabis that causes a high. PCR hemp produces scores of unique phytocannabinoids, the most abundant of which is CBD. THC levels in hemp are less than three parts in 1,000, or 0.3%, which is not enough to have any noticeable effect.
Phytocannabinoids affect the endocannabinoid system in much the same way as the endocannabinoids produced naturally by the body. Supplementation with phytocannabinoids found in CBD oil such as cannabidiol can help to make up for endocannabinoid deficiencies.
Furthermore, phytocannabinoids provide health benefits outside of the ECS such as acting as anti-inflammatories, antioxidants, and antibiotics. Anti-inflammatory compounds, as you would expect, reduce inflammation. Inflammation is the most common cause of pain. Antioxidants help to keep bodies clear of harmful toxins that can harm cells and cause cancer. And antibiotics help kill germs and fight infections.